To Whom It May Concern,

I was once a part of VMFA-122 The Crusaders…yes the Crusaders. I was also there when they made the switch back to Werewolves. I really don’t see what the big deal is with letting VMFA-122 return to being the Crusaders. If its this whole ” the muslims could take it as us starting a crusade again” or anything like that we all know that isn’t anything but a big pile of crap. If its an issue of forcing religion on someone then you should take yourselves down to the squadron in Beaufort, SC and walk around the place and take a look for yourself. In my heart they will always be the Crusaders. If you do your history and research like you should you would know the squadron was given that name because they were the first to fly the F-8 Crusader jet. When I checked into the squadron years ago the XO told me, ” once a Crusader, always a Crusader”. The unit is, was and will be made up of people of different faiths and we all respected that when I was there. I never once heard anyone complain about us being the Crusaders when I was there. Everyone needs to stop thinking about pissing off the muslims in Iraq and Afghanistan. War is not about winning hearts and minds contrary to popular belief. Look at Vietnam. We lost that war. All I’m saying and all I’m asking is to get off the Marine Corps’s back about an outstanding unit that has a rich pride and history. I know your founder Mr. Weinstein was an air force officer. Since the Air Force is less than 100 years old I don’t know if they teach or have any real history to preserve and protect. In the Marine Corps we are taught to preserve and protect ours. Have an outstanding day, God Bless and Semper Fidelis

Proud Crusader

Dear (name withheld),

First, thanks for your service. As a fellow Marine, I salute you, as do the many other veterans who comprise the MRFF. Also, thanks for writing to express your concerns. I’ll do my best to help address them.

Mr. Weinstein tries to answer as many letters as possible personally, but thought it appropriate that I respond here, since I am a retired Marine. Though not an aviator, I do have close personal ground combat experience, which will hopefully count for something. Before we begin discussing the Werewolves, I’d like to acquaint you with my own and family history of service, as well as that of the MRFF staff and clients, by way of introduction, and to help you understand us better.

My family has a long history of US service, which includes 5 generations of Marines, as well as the other branches. My thrice-great grandfather fought in the Revolution and my great-grandfather fought in the Civil War. We also had representatives in WW I, WW II, Korea, Vietnam, Gulf I and the GWOT, as well as most of the smaller wars and conflicts.

My great-uncle served in WW I (USMC), while my father was a Marine in the Pacific in WWII, serving in the major island campaigns in the Marianna, Marshall, and Solomon Islands (incl. Tulagi, Guam, Guadalcanal, etc.). He was seriously WIA and evacuated to the US prior to Iwo Jima.

One uncle was stationed in Shanghai with the 4th Marines, then transferred to Corregidor in the PI, later becoming a Japanese POW. He was then shipped to Japan on one of the “Hell Ships,” where he worked as a “Guest of the Emperor” (slave laborer) for the duration. He weighed 98 pounds on release.

After recuperation, he was on Occupation duty in Japan, when he was mobilized for Korea, along with another of my uncles (also a Marine). Both survived, and Chet (the Corregidor survivor) went on to serve until the early years of Vietnam, eventually retiring as a MGYSGT. (The Marine Corps League named a post in Florida for him after his death.)

My own service included close personal ground combat in several of the major operations in Vietnam in 1967 and 1968, including in 3/12 and later as a member of Combined Action Company Oscar during Operation Scotland at Khe Sanh, before, during, and after the Tet 1968 assault and the Siege, and in the Hue-Phu Bai area both before and after Tet 1968.

I should mention here that our CAP program was one of the “hearts and minds” programs you so slightingly allude to. I might also ask that you do some “history and research” as it was one of the few successful programs of that war, and many of my valiant comrades in the program sacrificed their young lives in order to help the Vietnamese people.

I might also add that while the US politicians and people gave up in Vietnam, it was NOT because of “hearts and minds” programs or a lack of military success — we beat the enemy almost every time we met him in the field. We didn’t lose the war militarily or for want of valiant effort and sacrifice by my comrades — the war was lost politically at home. That said, we should doubtless never have entered it in the first place, as MacArthur and many others, including many Marine officers, had advised. Please allow me to help you with your own “history and research” in that direction by directing you to my unit’s website. Please visit the In Memoriam page while there to see some of these gallant young men you so lightly dismiss. http://sites.google.com/site/usmccaposcar )

Upon my return to CONUS, I served briefly with the Wing at New River, then volunteered to return to Vietnam. However, I was pulled out of my draft to serve as a troop handler and later as weapons instructor in 2nd ITR at Camp Horn on MCB Camp Pendleton. I subsequently served in 2/2, and later as an MSG at MARDET CINCLNTFLT, with responsibilities for the security of the command which included (in addition to CINCLNT) FMFLNT, SACLNT, SUBLNT, NATO, and the Nuclear Warfare School. I was then sent to 3/9, and later 3rd Recon, then to 1st Recon. During my years on active duty, I served in capacities from rifleman through platoon commander.

However, I later lost a limb, which unfortunately ended my active career, but I subsequently went on to teach in the USMC Jr. ROTC program for several years, before using my GI Bill to attain a BA in History, and later a Master’s degree in Education, and a professional teaching credential, after which I taught K-12 and Adult education at a number of levels in public and private schools, including at-risk inner city youths, Neglected and Abused children’s home, and Juvenile Hall, and later in medium and high-security adult jails.

My story is not unusual. Most of the MRFF clients and volunteers are veterans, often from multi-generational families like mine, and include active, reserve, and retired, from all branches of the US Armed Forces, holding ranks from enlisted through flag officer, with MOSs in all fields, including combat arms, representing eras from WW II, Korea, Viet Nam, on through Gulf I, and the present GWOT. One of my most respected colleagues here was a decorated USAF rescue pilot who pulled Special Forces SOG teams, Marine Recon teams, and downed pilots out of some pretty deep stuff on his two tours in Vietnam. He was wounded twice, and still sets off metal detectors. (Of course, he was just one more of those men you referred to as “losing” the war.)

MRFF members’ awards and decorations are numerous, and include many Purple Hearts, Bronze Stars w/ V, and Silver Stars, as well as Army, Navy, and AF Crosses, and one Medal of Honor.

Mr. Weinstein is also the son of a Naval Academy graduate, and is a veteran himself, being an Honor Graduate of the USAF Academy. He served for 10 years a JAG officer, including service in the Reagan White House as a Special Counsel. His family has over three generations of service that include likewise distinguished service academy graduates, and members of the US Armed Forces. His nephew is a GYSGT in the USMC in a Combat Arms MOS, who recently returned from another tour in the Sand Box. He is also a member of and supporter of the MRFF.

I think you might agree that we are all very familiar with all the military services, including the Corps. As a Marine myself, I can assure you that Mr. Weinstein and his family know a great deal about history and tradition. (And frankly, sir, your remark about that was way off the mark, and uncalled for.)

We are also very familiar with the Constitution, which is the focus of our mission. The MRFF supports the Constitutionally and legally mandated requirement that there will be no established religion (i.e., no official state religion), and no religious test for office, as clearly intended by the Founders both in their words and documents, and as supported by subsequent decisions of US courts through the Supreme Court.

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof . . . ” (1st Amendment)

“. . . no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.” (Article VI, Section III)

The MRFF is committed to ensuring that this boundary between church and state is maintained, and that the Constitutional rights to freedom of conscience for all Americans (particularly our servicemen and women) are not violated, and that they are not subjected to unwanted proselytization by any religious group whatsoever.

MRFF’s Position on Faith

Neither Mr. Weinstein nor the MRFF are “for” or “against” Christianity, Islam, Judaism, or any other religion. On the contrary, as the name implies, the MRFF supports religious freedom and pluralism for service personnel of all faiths (or none), in accordance with the US Constitution and public law. Our founder, members, and supporters include people of many different faiths and belief systems, as well as free-thinkers and skeptics.

Mr. Weinstein, the founder of the MRFF, is of Jewish heritage, and his family circle of blended faiths includes observant Christians. (His Marine nephew is a Christian.)

The MRFF staff is approximately 75% Christian (mainly Protestant, followed by Catholics), 15% Jewish, and 10% other.

While we have many people of faith among us, we are (like the US itself) strictly secular in nature, and we defend all US service personnel against violations of their Constitutional rights to freedom of conscience.

Who We Represent, and Why

All MRFF cases are filed because of complaints brought by active duty or reserve service personnel.

Currently, 96% of the over 30,000 MRFF cases are brought on behalf of professing Christians, (mainly Protestants), followed by Catholics (including Roman and Eastern Orthodox).

The 4% balance of cases includes Jews, Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs, as well as Pagans, a few atheists, agnostics, and other free-thinkers.

The great preponderance of our cases involve abuses of authority and violations of the Constitutional guarantees of freedom of conscience by a specific sub-set of aggressive radicals who style themselves “Christians” and who are becoming increasingly entrenched and powerful in the military in all branches and MOSs at ranks up to and including flag officer ranks. They are known by a number of names, but we use the generic term of one of the main branches (“Dominionists”) for convenience. I attach some specifics re: Dominionism below.

I hope that this information will help you to better understand the nature of the MRFF and the nature of the struggle we are waging against a large and growing enemy with deep pockets and strong political and economic backing, and who constitute a far greater and more urgent threat to the Republic than a handful of rag-tag radical Islamic fundamentalists either here or elsewhere.

As for Muslims and their “feelings” — while we are of course concerned about Muslim extremists using the name for recruitment, our main concern is for our Muslim clients, who are active duty US servicemen and women. You might be surprised to learn that there have been Muslims in the US services since the beginning of this country and among them are Marines — including aviators.

For example, Colonel Douglas Burpee was the highest ranking Muslim officer in the Marine Corps when he retired, with a career that included combat tours in the Sandbox, and included flying helicopters in Afghanistan and elsewhere. As he said to an interviewer;

“Everyone knows I’m a Muslim. When I fly, attached to my dog tags, I wear a pendant with a passage from the Koran,” he says. “I try to set a good example based upon what I believe…. I can be a soldier and a Muslim at the same time. I have no problem with that. These people who commit terrorism have just adopted the face of Islam – nothing they say or do have anything to do with Islam. The Taliban is a terrorist organization – they are bad people doing bad things and they’ve attached religion to it. They are ruthless when it comes to killing people, but that’s how you move helpless people around – you use fear.”

Among the enlisted ranks is APAAM (Association of Patriotic Arab-Americans in the Military) founder Marine GYSGT Jamal Baadani.

However, Muslims did not set this hare running. We received the original complaint from several members of VFMA-122 who were concerned about the name change for the same reasons we are.

Our position on this name-change is that the name Crusaders is un-Constitutional, and is fodder for jihadist recruiting, as well as offensive to our Muslim servicemen and women, who feel the name does seem to indicate that we are at war with their religion, as opposed to those perverting it.

You mentioned doing our “history and research” — the MRFF always researches its cases carefully. One doesn’t go into a court of law armed with no facts. Here is the history of the unit in question:

The squadron was commissioned on 1 March 1942 at Camp Kearny, CA. Originally known as the “Candystripers” the squadron quickly adopted the “Werewolves” nick-name before embarking on its first combat tour. They flew through WW II and Korea under that nickname.

It wasn’t until 1958, with the adoption of the Chance-Vought F8U-1’s (F-8A) “Crusader” that the squadron acquired their new nick-name, which came from the aircraft. A new patch was designed to go with the new aircraft, and in 1959, LT Desmond F. Browne procured the “Mach- Altus I” mascot in a second hand shop in lower Manhattan.

However, the “Crusaders” saw no combat until 1 September 1967, when they were flying sorties in Vietnam. However, they retained the “Crusaders” handle even though they had by this time transitioned to the new F-4B “Phantom” and been re-designated a VMFA squadron.

Following Vietnam, they flew a number of aircraft, none of which were named “Crusader” and didn’t fly again in combat until forty years later — when they deployed as the “Werewolves” again.

Therefore, of their entire history, they were “Candystripers” and “Werewolves” for the first 16 years, during which period they flew their most distinguished combat sorties under their most famous leaders. During their “Crusaders” incarnation, they flew only four years in combat (albeit valiantly), and no longer in the aircraft which had inspired the name change. During the ensuing years until 2008, they were not in combat again until 2008 — at which time they re-adopted their old moniker which they flew under until their return.

While I understand your interest in tradition (both as a retired Marine from a Marine family and a historian by training and inclination), the ostensible reason for re-adopting the “Crusaders” handle, despite its longevity, really doesn’t “fly” (if you’ll pardon the expression). Of the 12 years of its combat history, only four were flown under that nickname — and NONE of them in the aircraft that gave rise to the name in the first place.

Also, given the dramatic increase in numbers and power of those affiliated with the Dominionist movement in the military, we don’t feel that this name is a step in the right direction.

We communicated our concerns to LCOL Weigel, then squadron CO, and while he appears not to be in the Dominionist camp, he was not initially receptive to our concerns, whereupon the MRFF moved up the chain of command. It appears the Commandant, CMC, the Joint Chiefs, and DoD agree with us on this, and the unit name will remain the “Werewolves.” This matter was settled some time ago, and I am frankly at a loss to understand why you are just now bringing it up, but I hope I have adequately addressed your concerns.

I hope that this gives you some insight into the MRFF’s perspective on this and related matters. If I can be of any further service in this or related matters, please feel free to contact me or Mr. Weinstein again.

Again, thanks for your service, and for writing us with your concerns. While we may have to agree to differ on the matter of the name and other matters the MRFF addresses, we do respect your service.

I remain, sir,

Semper Fidelis,

F. J. Taylor
USMC (Ret.)

To support the Military Religious Freedom Foundation, or to learn more about their efforts on behalf of United States military personnel, go to:


Dominion Theology — A Serious and Growing Threat to the Nation

The MRFF began in 2005 when Mr. Weinstein, an Honor Graduate of the USAF Academy and highly successful top-rank business attorney (then working for H. Ross Perot), learned from his son (then at the Academy) that there was a great deal of religion-based physical, verbal, and emotional harassment directed not just at his son, but at all cadets who were not Christian — or even just “not Christian enough” or of the “right kind.” For Jews and others non-Christians, things are even worse. The Jews get the usual “Jesus-killer” and ethnic slurs, and non-Christians who don’t wish to convert get even worse.

Having experienced such abuse himself at the Academy while a cadet (including a brutal beating from ambush), Mr. Weinstein was very concerned that such egregious violations of the Constitutional right to freedom of conscience, which he had supposed eradicated in the modern military, were still on-going — and what is more, that they were even worse than in his own time.

Initially, he thought that with his service background and his own strong connections that things could be set to rights with a few calls and visits. However, he was astonished to find that not even a man with his connections had enough clout to right the situation, and that indeed, it was far bigger, and far more wide-spread, than he had anticipated.

Instead of a few isolated religious fanatics acting as loose cannons, he found a network that spread wide and deep throughout the USAF and indeed the entire armed forces, in positions of great power and trust from enlisted and NCO through flag officer ranks. Sadly, even flag officer were (and remain) afraid to confront these people!

As he probed deeper into the mire, he found that this was part of long-running, well-financed, and well-organized group of zealots who follow an extremely radical theology.

In violation of the Constitution, public law, and the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Dominionists (a radical and militant subset of evangelical Christianity) aggressively seek converts. Failing persuasion, they harass, bully, and attempt to intimidate under color of authority service members under their command or control, in order to attempt to proselytize even service members who have expressed their unwillingness.

When in command positions, they use tactics ranging from denying good assignments and promotions to those they don’t consider Christian or “Christian enough” to giving poor performance reviews, and difficult, dirty, and dangerous tasks – including potentially deadly tasks in combat. (One of our clients was assigned as “permanent point” in a combat unit!)

They have advocated in both words and writing the overthrow of the Republic and Constitution (by ballot if possible, but by bullet if necessary), and replacing them with an Old Testament style theocracy, complete with “Biblical” Sharia-like laws, complete with public executions by stoning, sword, or other “Biblical” methods, with mandatory attendance and participation by the whole community – including children.

Anyone not considered not “Christian enough” by these people if they gain power will be forced to either convert to or accept their warped version of Christianity – or die. They have been correctly described as “American Taliban.”

Some people might consider this some sort of tin-hat conspiracy theory, or that they are just far-right fringe loonies without a hope of achieving power, but these people have been operating “under the radar” for over 50 years, and are now firmly entrenched in every branch and MOS of our armed forces and government, at every level – and are getting bolder by the day.

Let’s examine the words of the individuals who founded the movement, such as the late Rousas John Rushdoony who wrote that they intend to “…lead them (non-believers) to Jesus – in chains, if necessary.”

Rushdoony also wrote that democracy is “heresy” and that Christians must remember that “a monarchy (referring to “God’s kingdom on earth”) is not a democracy.” and “Democracy is the great love of the failures and cowards of life.”

Rushdoony listed eighteen capital “crimes” including blasphemy, witchcraft, astrology, adultery, incorrigible delinquency, homosexuality, promiscuity or unchastity before marriage, wearing a red dress (for women – though one must suppose these people would apply it to men too), and failure to keep a kosher kitchen.

Punishment for non-capital crimes would include whipping and indentured servitude or slavery (including for debt), and prisons would become temporary holding tanks while prisoners awaited sentencing. Women and children would again become chattel property of men.

Rushdoony and other Dominionists have been aptly described elsewhere as “the American Taliban” as noted above. This is true in more ways than just their morbid interest in cruel and unusual punishment. They are extremely retrogressive socially and politically, and share many more beliefs in common with the Islamic fundamentalists than they do with the average American.

Perhaps one reason they hate the Islamist fascists is that they have so much in common with them — battles between kindred are always the worst. One can only hope that they never recognize their true kinship, lest they join forces in a truly unholy alliance.

Rushdoony’s Chalcedon Foundation also helped establish The Rutherford Institute, a legal organization to promote their agenda through the very courts they plan to supersede once in power, so although Rushdoony died, his organization and legacy of theocracy lives on.

Gary North, Rushdoony’s son-in-law, espouses (publicly) a slightly less draconian version, stating, “I don’t want to kill homosexuals–I would be happy just driving them back into the closet.” However, he also espouses stoning for blasphemers and those who curse their parents, and has stated that public stoning of “malefactors” would be “a great way to bring communities together.”

A stunning example of their theology (and ultimate plans for everyone not of their belief) is the statement of US Army chaplain MAJ James Linzey, who, in a 1999 video, described mainstream Protestant churches as “demonic, dastardly creatures from the pit of hell ” that should be “stomped out.”

The Council of Full Gospel Churches (Linzey’s accrediting agency founded by retired Army COL Ammerman) not only didn’t pull his accreditation, but supported this egregious violation of his mission and orders as a military chaplain, and of his oath as an officer.(Of course, Ammerman is as bad or worse.)

The CFGC, COL Ammerman, MAJ Linzey, and their cohorts have also denigrated Judaism and Catholicism, as well as mainstream Protestant churches.

COL Ammerman and MAJ Linzey have also spread conspiracy theories about “Satanic forces” in the U.S. government for years aiding a military takeover aided by unnamed “foreign” (presumably UN) troops.

In 2008, COL Ammerman said that four presidential candidates (US Senators Obama, Clinton, Biden and Dodd) should be hanged for treason – for not voting to designate English as America’s official language. He also stated that President Obama would be assassinated as a “secret Muslim.” (In the late 1990s, he had also called for the execution of then-president Clinton for treason.)

CFGC and its chaplains have repeatedly and egregiously violated the Constitution and the laws and regulations regarding chaplaincies, including those on interfaith cooperation, bans on membership in organizations with religious or racial supremacist principles, especially those espousing violence, and that active military personnel cannot make disloyal or contemptuous statements about officials.

This problem, as stated, is very wide-spread and deeply entrenched, not only in the military but in many areas of government and indeed, other nations.

These people are very clever, subtle, well-organized, and well-funded. They are gaining ground in many areas – including the military and the Service Academies.

These people are our main opponents, and regular violators of the very Constitution which guarantees them freedom of religion and pluralism, which they call upon to defend themselves as they attack and undermine the very principles which allow them to exist and operate.

While we accept their right to believe as they please, within the framework of the Constitution and public law, we balk at allowing them to proselytize unwilling service personnel under their command “under color of authority” and to undermine and work to destroy the Constitution that many of our members (most of whom are former or serving members of the US Armed Forces), swore to “uphold and defend.”

The Dominionists and their allied sects are committing egregious assaults on the Constitution and on the rights of servicemen and women daily. We expose to the clear light of day their violations, as well as those of any other individuals or groups who attempt the same. Unfortunately, this group constitutes the bulk of the complaints we receive.

Mr. Weinstein determined that this movement, far from being a few relatively harmless religious lunatics, had developed into a highly dangerous and credible threat to the Constitution and to the Republic itself. He determined that there was no way he could stand aside and let them continue their rise to power. He left his employment, and founded MRFF, using all his own money and mortgaging his possessions, borrowing from friends, family and anyone he could convince of the need to battle this threat. He quite literally has wagered his “life, fortune, and sacred honor” to defend the Constitution he swore (like all of us who have served) to “uphold and defend against all enemies, foreign and domestic.” That is why he (and we) belong, and do what we do. In return, we are demonized, vilified, and daily threatened with death and violence to ourselves and our families.
> FYI, some Online sources of information on Dominionism:
> http://www.mainstreambaptists.org/mob4/dominionism.htm
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominionism
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominion_Theology
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christofascism
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rousas_John_Rushdoony
> http://www.religioustolerance.org/reconstr.htm
> http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/TheDespoilingOfAmerica.htm
> http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Dominionism
> http://www.publiceye.org/christian_right/cr_intro.html#dominion
> http://www.theocracywatch.org/dominionism.htm
> http://www.jewsonfirst.org/dominionism.html
> http://www.rwor.org/a/033/dominionism-be-very-afraid.htm
> Pat Robertson’s “The Secret Kingdom” outlines his own plans for a theocracy.

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  1. Marine

    Ladies and Gentlemen,
    This discussion hits close to home for me as both a (location withheld) Marine and a believer in our basic 1st Amendment rights.
    While I have never served IN VMFA-122, I have had the distinct pleasure to serve with them and have always seen an outstanding squadron. Most of this time they were called Crusaders, and proudly wore the patch regardless of individual faith. As such, to say that changing the name is OK because that name rarely saw combat is a disservice to the Marines who advanced that name over several decades. It further ignores the fact that there are more Crusaders than Werewolves or Candystripers based on the length of time that name was in effect.
    More concerning to me are the complaints that were raised from Marines within the unit- All if the leaders with whom I interacted from 122 were outstanding and, from my perspective, above the sort of allegations that Mr Taylor’s response attributes to religious extremists. I harbor the nagging suspicion that these complaints may have ulterior motives beneath the surface. I am sure your inquiries were thorough, though an equally disconcerting statement is your own concerning LtCol Weigel, who by your account “doesn’t appear to be a dominionist.” Let’s remember that his faith should be free of the discussion.
    In closing, I would like to ask that Marines and citizens on both sides of the issue remember that regardless of its assigned name, VMFA-122 remains an outstanding fighter squadron, one that generated a fierce pride for generations of Crusaders, regardless of the locations they served. But to ignore the information implications in our current and future conflicts is to endanger not only our partnerships with Muslims around the world, but also the support of the many Muslims who serve our nation, in or out of uniform. The only viable recourse at present is for Marines of 122 to take pride in the unit and look past the squabbles regarding its historical name.

  2. Richard P McLeland Jr

    I came to Beaufort Jan 2nd, 1976. The VMFA 122 Crusaders were being re-formed as a F4-J Squadron, after budget cuts killed the F-14 for us. There was a lot of “keep busy work” as we were forming up, and all the Birds, Personnel, and equipment were coming together. Though we were Crusaders, Religion was never forced on anyone, at any time. We got a Hanger right next to 333, another F-4 Squadron, at the time. In 1978, we transferred as a whole Squadron to Iwakuni, Japan. I had gone into The Marines, when I turned 17, so being an Aviation Ordinance Tech, 6531, I made E-5 Sgt. shortly before I turned 21. However, I had knee surgery at The Naval Hospital by Tokyo, then another while Awaiting Orders Of Separation. It seems that the 500lb, Mk 82, and 83s, were a bit much for my young 125lb frame. I wouldn’t change a thing! I wouldn’t be who I am today, if it had not been for that 73-79 period of my life. And yes some Squadrons change names as time/Bird designs come, and go. It was just the way it went down that bothers me. I worked with, and trained Marines that did go on to War, so the period of “Non Combat” I personally would say is a good thing! But, we always trained for it, and kept our equipment clean, and functional, just in case. During my Period of Service, it was called “The Cold War”. I saw El Toro, Yuma, K-Bay, Beaufort, Norway, Denmark, and of course Japan. It’s Sad, the way they had to change The Crusader Logo. If it had been because of a new Bird design, or even a new Base, it would be different. I was a very late bloomer, and didn’t find Religion until the last 10 years, or so, but DARN, it’s almost illegal to be a Christian now. It’s supposed to be a choice, and one of our Freedoms. But then, it is also Written. My view, my choice, my “temporary” Freedom.

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